China Annual Country Report 2023 – Country Strategic Plan 2022 – 2025 – China


Key messages

  • Strengthen the connection between poverty alleviation and rural revitalization.

  • Invest in rural human capital development to reduce rural-urban gap.

  • Promote high quality international humanitarian and development cooperation through resource mobilization and knowledge sharing.

For 44 years, WFP has been a longstanding and trusted partner of the Government of China for the time-honored cooperation in food security. WFP has strong global networks through which it can mobilize cutting-edge international expertise on development challenges from which China can learn. WFP is also recognized by Chinese partners for its capacity to provide last-mile services to the most vulnerable. As a result, WFP is uniquely placed to support the implementation of the joint priorities and outcomes, as well as to leverage financing, partnerships and knowledge to support the Sustainable Development Goals and the 14th Five-Year Plan of China. WFP positions itself in China as a neutral platform, a convener of current and potential partners supporting SDG achievement, upholding the application of cross-cutting issues such as vulnerability, gender equality and women’s empowerment, youth, persons with disability and climate change, among others. WFP follows a people-centered approach and focuses its efforts on evidence-based policy advice and technical expertise which is relevant and in alignment with China’s high-quality development strategy.

These attributes confer on the WFP unique relevance and responsibility in relation to specific efforts led by the Government of China to achieve the country’s aspirations for a people-focused development. It envisions that by 2025, the Government will make significant progress towards achieving its national development goals, which are aligned with the SDGs: Achieving innovation-driven, coordinated and shared development, equitable and high-quality economic, social and human development for all throughout the life-course.
China issued the third edition of China’s Progress Report on Implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (2023). China has successfully safeguarded the food security of more than 1.4 billion people. In 2023,
China’s total grain output reached 695.41 million tons, a 1.3% increase than last year despite various severe bad weathers.[1] China has promoted international cooperation in food and agriculture and helped agricultural development in developing countries. Under the Global Development and South-South Cooperation Fund (GDSSCF),
China has cooperated with WFP to conduct over 40 projects in over 30 countries.

Following the achievement of absolute poverty reduction in rural areas in 2020, China is currently focusing on promoting rural revitalization, promoting agriculture green transformation, and narrowing the urban-rural gap.
Sector-specific actions are required to tailor specific areas on specific populations.

WFP provided support to the Government of China to develop long-term approaches and mechanisms for solving relative poverty and multi-dimensional poverty and strengthen the connection between poverty alleviation and rural revitalization. More specifically, to support China’s rural revitalization strategy, increase rural opportunities and incomes and contribute to the bridging of rural-urban gaps, WFP focuses on initiatives to promote nutrition-sensitive value chain approach, improve nutritional support and caring for children left behind in rural areas through a few small-scaled pilot projects.

Throughout the year, WFP primarily takes on an enabling role, working alongside the provincial and local governments to provide upstream technical support and capacity strengthening. WFP takes an influencing role to advocate for more attention to and a better understanding of nutritional behavior and value chain approach through evidence generation, knowledge exchange, engagement in multi-stakeholder dialogues.
WFP continued to support Chinese Government’s commitment to reducing malnutrition among children by implementing three pilot projects of preschool nutrition improvement program in 2023 in the rural areas of Hunan,

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