A Singaporean Chinese saw himself as a white supremacist. ‘Angry maleness’ and racial


SINGAPORE: It started with the boy chancing upon videos by American white supremacist Paul Nicholas Miller.

It led to him also identifying as a white supremacist and pro-white sympathiser, convinced that non-white communities should be driven away from white-majority countries.

His goal, by the time he turned 16, was to be recruited by white supremacist groups to “fight for the whites” and carry out violent attacks.

He was also a Singaporean of Chinese ethnicity.

The Secondary 4 student eventually got on the radar of Singapore’s Internal Security Department (ISD) and was issued a restriction order, the agency revealed on Wednesday (Jan 24).

This was the second Singaporean – both teenagers – to be picked up by the ISD for being radicalised by far-right, extremist ideologies.

These ideologies could appeal to any majority group that believes they are superior, said counterterrorism and extremism expert Munira Mustaffa.

“This perspective is centred on the belief that the protection and preservation of a dominant in-group’s interests and survival necessitate the exclusion or expulsion of an out-group due to the fear of lost privileges or demographic decline,” she added.

Ms Munira, who is executive director of consulting firm Chasseur Group, explained that beyond white supremacist beliefs, far-right ideologies cover a broad spectrum of views including racism, misogyny, antisemitism, Islamophobia and xenophobia.

These often manifest in ethnonationalism – where nation and nationality are defined in terms of ethnicity – or advocating for racial purity, she continued. 

“They are grounded in an exceptionalist mindset that embraces the concept of ‘might is right’, justifying the subjugation and use of violence against other population groups, especially minorities.” 



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